عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Quantitative description of infiltration process is needed for both irrigated and rainfed agriculture for optimal management and designs purposes. The most difficult task in the field, however, is to determine the spatial variability of infiltration process, which is of great importance for precision agriculture. The objective of this study was to quantify spatial variability of infiltration models by using scaling in Kavar plain, east of Shiraz, Iran. A number of 161 infiltration experiments were conducted on a systematic squared grid pattern with 500*500m over the 4000 ha area, using double-ring method. The observed infiltration data from all the experimental sites were fitted to three selected infiltration models. The best-fitted model for individual sites was identified. Using the least-squares technique, the Philip model was selected as the best model to describe infiltration process. Infiltration rates of the area generally indicated low basic infiltration rates (1.11?–31.11 cm/hr) for most sites, and average amount of them was 6.69 cm/hr. The parameters of Philip model (S and A) showed a wide variation among the test sites. The sorptivity-based scaling factor ∝S and the transmissivity-based scaling factor ∝A were computed and the observed infiltration data were scaled. Scaling achieved through ∝A was found better than through ∝S. Optimum scaling factors ∝opt were then obtained by the least-squares.