عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Advancement of technology in construction of structure caused to design modern type of bridge piers including inclined bridge piers group. Due to importance of identifying effective mechanisms of scour around this type of bridge piers, in this research the effect of flow parameter and level of bridge foundation on the scour depth was investigated. Bridge piers group included two inclined rectangular piers of ?.?cm width and ?.?cm length which installed at the angle of ?? degree on the top of rectangular foundation of ??cm width and ??cm length. Experiments were performed for various relative velocities, depth of flow and relative top level of the foundation from the channel bed (Z/D*) -? up to ?. The results showed that the velocity of flow has more effect on the local scour depth in comparison of the flow depth. Comparison of results for different levels of the foundation showed that level of the foundation has significant effect on the scour depth. A maximum and a minimum scour occurred for relative foundation level ? and -?.?. Furthermore, except of relative foundation -?.?, the scour at the inclined bridge level is more than individual pier.