شبیه سازی اثر پارامترهای هیدرولیکی و هندسی بر تغییرات تراز سطح آب در کانال های متقاطعFluent با استفاده از نرم افزار

نویسنده

چکیده

برخورد دو جریان در رودخانه های طبیعی،‏ کانال های آبیاری و شبکه های آب و فاضلاب مشاهده می شود. در محل برخورد و عوامل (?) آشفتگی جریان افزایش یافته و جریان سه بعدی حاکم می شود. در این مقاله تأثیر عامل هندسی زاویه تقاطع بر تغییرات تراز سطح آب با استفاده از ،‏(Frd)‎ هیدرولیکی نسبت دبی جریان بالادست به پایین دست و عدد فرود پایین دست مدل هیدرودینامیک سه بعدی فلوئنت بررسی شده است. بررسی ها نشان می دهد که برخورد جریان کانال فرعی و اصلی سبب ایجاد شتاب در جریان اختلاطی شده و با کاهش مقدار نسبت دبی جریان،‏ شتاب جریان نیز افزایش می یابد. افزایش زاویه تقاطع و عدد فرود در پایین دست،‏ مقدار عمق جریان در محل تقاطع را کاهش می دهد. نتایج نشان می دهد که بیشترین مقدار تغییرات سطح آب در زاویه تقاطع ?? درجه و کمترین مقدار در زاویه تقاطع ?? درجه رخ می دهد. با افزایش نسبت دبی مقدار ?،‏ بیشترین / ? کمترین مقدار و در نسبت دبی ??? / تغییرات سطح آب کاهش یافته و تغییرات سطح آب در نسبت دبی ??? ? اختلاف تراز سطح آب در پایین ترین و بالاترین نقطه / ?،‏ زاویه ?? درجه و نسبت دبی ??? / مقدار بوده است. در عدد فرود ? به ?? درصد عمق آب در بالادست کانال اصلی می رسد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Simulation the Effect of Hydraulic and of Geometric Parameters on WaterSurface Level Variation in Junction Channels by Using Fluent Model

نویسنده [English]

  • saeed gohari
چکیده [English]

Intersection of two flows have always been a great challenge to hydraulicians in natural or
artificial channels. River channel confluences are critical interfaces where intense changes in
physical processes occur. These changes affect both the local and downstream characteristics
of the river flow and of the bed. There are many parameters affecting on flow patterns in this
matter which cause flow complexity. These factors are relevant to not only geometry
parameters like cross section, dimension, slope or angle between two channels but also
hydraulic parameters like Froude number and discharge ratio in two channels. In addition to
mentioned parameters, mobile bed in the form of bed load and suspended load has a major
influence on flow pattern in which change geometry and hydraulic design parameters.
According to water surface level as an important factor in flow intersections which has not
investigated well in previous researches, so the simultaneous effects of geometry and
hydraulic parameters on flow pattern and water level variations are discussed in this study.
This research was based on numerical study with Fluent model. Geometry creation and
meshing were done by Gambit software. Gambit provides a concise and powerful set of solid
modeling-based geometry tools. Existing data in hydraulic research center in Iowa University
used to validate numerical results. The Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) turbulence
model is used to simulate the turbulent flow field. According to using Volume of Fluid (VOF)
method for simulating two-phase flow, the water phase is considered as stable fixed water
column in the inlet of the model. Other internal volume of the geometry (10 centimeters
above the initial water level) is filled with air. In the inlet of flow field, uniform velocity
boundary condition based on experimental condition for water phase and the same velocity
boundary condition with trivial velocity value (0.00001 m/s) for air phase are considered.
Also, zero-gradient boundary condition is used for pressure in the outlet and wall condition
with no slope is considered for channel sides. Finally, symmetric boundary condition is
considered to introduce surface flow. Average and maximum error of simulating water
surface level in 90 degree confluence was 1% and 3% respectively. Also maximum reduction
in water surface level was occurred at lower discharge ratio and by increasing discharge ratio
water surface oscillation was decreased .
The results showed that with increasing discharge ratio, secondary channel impact will be less
on total flow. When secondary channel flow collides to opposite bank of main channel flow at
90 degrees; two flows join together making accelerated flow moves downstream. It can be
seen vortex flow after collision of two flows due to high velocity of fluid upper layers.
Turbulence and flow mixing will decrease by reducing angle of two flows intersection and
flow moves downstream with less energy dissipation causing a reduction in the upstream
depth to downstream. The region of flow near the upstream junction corner can be
characterized by a zone of relatively slow-moving fluid, with slight water surface super-
1 - Assistant professor of Department of Water Engineering, Bu Ali Sina University, Hamadan, Iran.
*- Corresponding author: saeedgohari@yahoo.com
Received: 2013/10/16 Accepted: 2014/09/28
elevation, that is generated by the stagnation of flow in this region. Flow within this
stagnation zone can be recirculating, or exhibit reverse flow from one tributary into the other.
Also, increasing the Froude number would strengthen accelerating flow in two channels
making mixed flow with less depth and high velocity toward downstream. The effects of
angle of intersection, Froude number and discharge ratio on water level variation have been
investigated in rectangular channel intersection. The results showed all three mentioned
parameters play an important role in flow pattern. Comparison of experimental and numerical
results showed model can simulate water level variations very well in channels intersection.
The effects of angle of intersection will reduce with increasing in discharge ratio until
disregard at a 0.917 ratio. The main result of the study has showed the flow will accelerate
quickly with increasing angle of intersection and making vortex with change in flow direction
due to collision of two flows. The most important factor was discharge ratio effecting on
water level variation trend where Froude number in downstream and angle of intersection
stood at the nest place respectively. The highest and lowest changes in the relative depth is
observed in the intersection angle of 90 and 30 degrees respectively. Froude number has
important role in changing of relative depth so that at intersection angle of 90 degree, the
discharge ratio of 0.083 and Froude number 0.9 the depth ratio is reached to 1.76.
Investigation of above parameters would be necessary due to water level variation and making
bed forms in mobile bed. Also the knowledge of their mechanism can be helpful effectively to

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Junction angle-Discharge ratio-water level-Downstream Froude number-Fluent
  • model-